The Department of Foundations of Education was established as part of the College of Education in 1956. The aim of this department was to produce trained teachers with the knowledge of philosophical foundations of education. Since the implementation of National Education System Plan in 1971, the provision of teacher training was made compulsory for the school teachers. Since then the need for imparting the knowledge of different foundations: philosophical, sociological, historical, psychological, and research were felt essential for school teachers, educators, and planners. Consequently, different courses under foundations of education had been introduced at various education programs at the university level. These courses are made compulsory to all the students with different specialization under the education stream.

The courses offered to provide comprehensive theoretical knowledge and understanding related to philosophy, sociology, psychology, history, curriculum, measurement, and research in education. It helps to comprehend new trends of education, to acquaint them with the innovation, creativity, new pattern of teaching and their application in the related fields. It also assists to face with the current issues developing critical and scientific outlook towards education. The diversified core courses under foundations of education are the bases for all the specialized areas under the faculty of education.

Courses offered

The Department of Foundations of Education offers courses for one-year B.Ed. in Science Education, Early Childhood Education, and for Special Needs Education for those students who are graduated from other faculties. Among the fourteen different academic departments under Central Department of Education, the Department of Foundations of Education instructs the core courses under these sixteen departments. For one-year B.Ed. program total of three courses is offered as core subjects that contribute 50% of the program. Similarly, at M.Ed. level seven courses are offered which constitutes 21 credits (30.4%) out of 69 credit of the whole program. This means that the department of foundations of education is managing almost one-third courses of each of the whole sixteen departments under the faculty of education. The details of the courses offered under the Department of Foundations of Education are presented below.


Faculty Members


Name of Faculty



Sushan Acharya, PhD      

Professor (Head)


Dhurba Lal Khanal                   



Rabindra Siwakoti, PhD           



Toyanath Adhikari                    



Ram Babu Mandal                      



Cholakanta Ghimire                  



Indira Rijal                                 



Indra Mani Rai, PhD                 



Monaj Bhandari                          

Teaching -assistant


Baburam Rai                                 



                                                                        Core Courses

First Semester

Ed. 511 Foundations of Education

Ed. 513 Advanced Educational Psychology

Ed. 521 Curriculum in Practice

Second Semester

Ed. 522 Educational and Development

Ed. 532 Research Methodology in Education

Third Semester

Ed. 533 Measurement and Evaluation in Education

Fourth Semester

Ed. 541 Contemporary Educational Issues



Course Description

Course Title: Foundations of Education

This is a core and compulsory course designed for the students of the Master Degree in education.  It enables students to develop a comprehensive theoretical knowledge and profound understanding related to different philosophical approaches. It also orients students about the social foundation and different power perspectives in education, role of state in education, and educational development in Nepal at various historical times.

Course Title: Advanced Educational Psychology                

This course is prescribed as a compulsory course for the students of Master of Education. There are two major parts of this course. The first part aims to inform students about physical changes, mental development, emotional development, social development, development of self, moral development and personality development during adolescence. The course further provides the students with understanding of Nepali adolescents from educational perspectives. The second part deals with psychology of learning, which seeks out how a child learns in his/her everyday life, judged from different learning theories. Thus, the course includes the learning theories and paradigms ranging from the behaviorist theories to cognitive theories. This course also informs about cognitive processes such as concept formation, thinking and problem solving. This course enables the student in drawing upon these theories in their everyday teaching and professional practices.

Course Title: Curriculum Practices                                                                                            

This is a core course designed for M. Ed. programme.  This course aims to equip students with deeper knowledge and understanding of various conceptions of curriculum, theoretical base for managing curriculum development, standards movement of curriculum, as well as models of curriculum development. Besides, this course aims at providing theoretical knowledge regarding curriculum dissemination and implementation as well as curriculum dissemination and implementation practices in Nepal.   

Course Title: Education and Development                         

This course is the core and compulsory designed especially for Master’s Degree students.  It intends to develop a comprehensive knowledge about education and different aspects of development and their impetus in education. It also intends to make the students familiar with different aspects of development such as societal, economic, cultural, modern trends in education, open learning system and global trends and efforts of educational development.

Course Title:  Research Methodology in Education             

This course is designed to provide the students with the basic concepts, knowledge and skills of research methodology.  It intends to make students familiar with different types of research methods and enrich them with an in-depth understanding of quantitative as well as qualitative research designs, sampling techniques, preparation and validation of data/information tools, data/information analysis procedures, and ethical considerations related to these designs. The course also focuses on the study and application of descriptive and inferential statistics in research. Further, it will help students develop in-depth knowledge and skills required for developing proposal and conducting research using quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods approach, and writing research report.

Course Title: Measurement and Evaluation in Education                                                      

This is a professional core course designed for the master's degree students.  This course deals with the nature of educational measurement and evaluation along with reliability and validity of a test, standardization of a test, measuring complex achievement, and intelligence and standardized achievement tests.   The students are also required to perform the activities mentioned in the course.  The course aims to enable the students in designing standardized tests.

Course Title: Contemporary Educational Issues

This course aims to provide students with opportunities to identify explore and understand issues relevant to the school education in Nepal. The course enables the students to review the educational policies, research reports and theoretical literature and helps them draw theoretical/conceptual concepts related to the issues. This course also helps students directly link their knowledge with the current practices in the educational sector. The course allows students to write and present comprehensive seminar paper based on the analysis of the selected educational issues comparing, relating and drawing upon the theoretical perspectives, policy provisions and research findings.

 For any queries:

Asso. Prof. Martika Koirala